HONR 269J The Beat Begins - America in the 1950s

Bibliography: The Atomic Bomb

General Works - Civil Defense - The Manhattan Project - The Hydrogen Bomb - The Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer - Biographical Works - Technical Information - Politics and Foreign Policy - Popular Culture, Media, Literature - World War II - Hiroshima and Nagasaki - The Postwar Period - Espionage - The Soviet Union

General Works 52 items
  1. Len Ackland and Steven McGuire, Assessing the Nuclear Age: Selections from the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.
  2. Nancy Anisfeld, The Nightmare Considered: Critical Essays on Nuclear War Literature. Bowling Green: BGSU Popular Press, 1991.
  3. Robert C. Batchelder, The Irreversible Decision, 1939-1950. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1962.
  4. Barton J. Bernstein, The Atomic Bomb: The Critical Issues. Boston: Little Brown, 1976.
  5. P.M.S Blackett, Fear, War, and the Bomb. New York: Whittlesey House, 1949.
  6. Michael Blow, History of the Atomic Bomb. New York: American Heritage, 1968.
  7. Eugene Burdick, Fail-Safe. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1962.
  8. Grant Burns, Atomic Papers: A Citizen's Guide to Selected Books and Articles on the Bomb, the Arms Race, Nuclear Power, the Peace Movement, and Related Issues. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1984.
  9. Catherine Caufield, Multiple Exposures: Chronicles of the Radiation Age. New York: Harper and Row, 1989.
  10. Ronald W. Clark, The Birth of the Bomb. London: Phoenix House, 1961.
  11. Michael D'Antonio, Atomic Harvest. New York: Crown, 1993.
  12. Gordon E. Dean, Report on the Atom: What You Should Know About the Atomic Energy Program of the United States. New York: Knopf, 1957.
  13. Gerard J. DeGroot, The Bomb: A Life. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2005
  14. Jack Dennis (ed.), The Nuclear Almanac: Confronting the Atom in War and Peace. Reading: Addison-Wesley, 1984.
  15. Freeman J. Dyson, Disturbing the Universe. New York: Harper and Row, 1979.
  16. Freeman J. Dyson, Values at War: Selected Tanner Lectures on the Nuclear Crisis. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1983.
  17. Freeman J. Dyson, Weapons and Hope. New York: Harper and Row, 1984.
  18. Medford Evans, The Secret War for the A-Bomb. Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1953.
  19. Daniel F. Ford, The Cult of the Atom: The Secret Papers of the Atomic Energy Commission. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1982.
  20. Daniel F. Ford, Meltdown. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1986.
  21. Leslie J. Freeman (ed.), Nuclear Witnesses: Insiders Speak Out. New York: W.W. Norton, 1981.
  22. Paul Fussell, Thank God for the Atom Bomb and Other Essays. New York: Summit, 1988.
  23. Carol Gallagher, American Ground Zero. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1993.
  24. Peter Goin, Nuclear Landscapes. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.
  25. Margaret Gowing and Lorna Arnold, The Atomic Bomb. Boston: Butterworths, 1979.
  26. Barton C. Hacker, Elements of Controversy: The Atomic Energy Commission and Radiation Safety in Nuclear Weapons Testing, 1947-1974. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
  27. Stephen Hilgartner, Richard C. Bell, and Rory O'Connor, Nukespeak: Nuclear Language, Visions, and Mindset. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1982.
  28. Howard Hu, Katherine Yih, and Arjun Makhijani, editors, Nuclear Wastelands: A Global Guide to Nuclear Weapons Production and Its Health and Environmental Effects. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1995.
  29. Julia E. Johnsen, Atomic Bomb. New York: H.W. Wilson, 1946.
  30. Daniel Lang, Early Tales of the Atomic Age. Garden City: Doubleday, 1948.
  31. Jacques Leclercq, The Nuclear Age. New York: Hachette, 1986.
  32. Jim Lerager, In the Shadow of the Cloud: America's Atomic Vets. Golden: Fulcrum, 1987.
  33. Richard S. Lewis and Jane Wilson, Alamogordo Plus Twenty-Five Years: The Impact of Atomic Energy on Science, Technology, and World Politics. New York: Viking, 1971.
  34. Leona Marshall Libby, The Uranium People. New York: Crane Russak, 1979.
  35. David Eli Lilienthal, Change, Hope, and the Bomb. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1963.
  36. Alwyn McKay, The Making of the Atomic Age. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.
  37. John Newhouse, The Nuclear Age: from Hiroshima to Star Wars. London: Joseph, 1989.
  38. John Newhouse, War and Peace in the Nuclear Age. New York: Knopf, 1989.
  39. John Francis Purcell, Best-Kept Secret: The Story of the Atomic Bomb. New York: Vanguard, 1963.
  40. G.O. Robinson, And What of Tomorrow: The Human Drama in the Atomic Revolution and the Promise of a Golden Age. New York: Comet Press, 1956.
  41. Thomas H. Saffer and Orville E. Kelly, Countdown Zero. New York: Putnam, 1982.
  42. Walter Smith Schoenberger, Decision of Destiny. Athens: Ohio University, 1970.
  43. Robert Seidel, "Books on the Bomb," Isis 81 (1990): 519-37.
  44. C.P. Snow, Science and Government. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, MA, 1961.
  45. C.P. Snow, The Physicists. London: Macmillan, 1981.
  46. Spencer R. Weart, Nuclear Fear: A History of Images. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, MA, 1988.
  47. C.G. Weeramantry, Nuclear Weapons and Scientific Responsibility. Wolfeboro: Longwood Academic, 1987.
  48. Charles Weiner, "Oral History of Science: A Mushrooming Cloud?" The Journal of American History 75 (1988): 548-59.
  49. Richard Wolfson, Nuclear Choices: A Citizen's Guide to Nuclear Technology. Cambridge: MIT Press, revised edition, 1993.
  50. Herbert F. York, Making Weapons, Talking Peace: A Physicist's Odyssey from Hiroshima to Geneva. New York: Basic Books, 1987.
  51. Herbert F. York, Arms and the Physicist. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1995.
  52. Solly Zuckerman, Nuclear Illusion and Reality. New York: Random House, 1983.
Civil Defense 20 items
  1. Atomic Platters: Cold War Music from the Golden Age of Homeland Security. Bear Family Records, BCD 16065 FL. 5 CDs/1 DVD + 292 pp. book. Released August 6, 2005. (See http://www.conelrad.com/media/atomicmusic/ for details.)
  2. Gifford H. Albright (ed.), Planning Atomic Shelters: A Guidebook for Architects. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1961.
  3. Paul S. Boyer, By the Bomb's Early Light: American Thought and Culture at the Dawn of the Atomic Age. New York: Pantheon, 1985.
  4. John Dowling and Evans M. Harrell, Civil Defense: A Choice of Disasters. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1987.
  5. Alice L. George, Awaiting Armageddon: How Americans Faced the Cuban Missile Crisis. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
  6. Richard H. Gerstell, How to Survive an Atomic Bomb. Washington: Combat Forces Press, 1950.
  7. Andrew D. Grossman, Neither Dead Nor Red: Civilian Defense and American Political Development During the Early Cold War. New York: Routledge, 2001.
  8. Ralph Lapp, Must We Hide? Cambridge: Addison-Wesley, 1949.
  9. Laura McEnaney, "Civil Defense Begins at Home": Militarization Meets Everyday Life in the Fifties. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.
  10. Elaine Tyler May, Homeward Bound: American Families in the Cold War Era. Ne York: Basic Books, 1998.
  11. Seymour Melman (ed.), No Place to Hide: Fact and Fiction About Fallout Shelters. New York: Grove Press, 1962.
  12. Donald W. Mitchell, Civil Defense: Planning for Survival and Recovery. Washington: Industrial College of the Armed Forces, 1963.
  13. Guy Oakes, The Imaginary War: Civil Defense and American Cold War Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  14. Augustin M. Prentiss, Civil Defense in Modern War. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1951.
  15. Kenneth D. Rose, One Nation Underground: The Fallout Shelter in American Culture. New York: New York University Press, 2001.
  16. Sheldon M. Stern, Averting "The Final Failure": John F. Kennedy and the Secret Cuban Missile Crisis Meetings. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003.
  17. United States Federal Civil Defense Administration, Grandma's Pantry was Ready -- Is Your Pantry Ready in Case of Emergency? Washington: Government Printing Office, 1955.
  18. United States Office of Civil Defense, A Realistic Approach to Civil Defense: A Handbook for School Administrators. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966.
  19. Eugene P. Wigner (ed.), Who Speaks for Civil Defense? New York: Scribner's, 1968.
  20. Allen M. Winkler, Life Under a Cloud: American Anxiety About the Atom. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
The Manhattan Project 32 items
  1. Michael Amrine, Great Decision: The Secret History of the Atomic Bomb. New York: Putnam, 1959.
  2. Kevin J. Anderson and Doug Beason, Trinity Paradox. New York: Bantam, 1991.
  3. Lawrence Badash, Joseph O. Hirschfelder, and Herbert P. Broida, Reminiscences of Los Alamos, 1943-1945. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1980.
  4. Barton J. Bernstein, "Four Physicists and the Bomb," Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 18 (1988), pp. 231-63.
  5. Hans Bethe, The Road from Los Alamos. New York: American Institute of Physics, 1991.
  6. Marjorie Bell Chambers, Technically Sweet Los Alamos: The Development of a Federally Sponsored Scientific Community. Ph.D. dissertation, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, 1974.
  7. Peggy Pond Church, House at Otowi Bridge: The Story of Edith Warner and Los Alamos. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1959.
  8. Rachel Fermi and Esther Samra, Picturing the Bomb: Photographs from the Secret World of the Manhattan Project. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1995.
  9. Phyllis Fisher, Los Alamos Experience. New York: Japan Publications, 1985.
  10. Stephane Groueff, Manhattan Project: The Untold Story of the Making of the Atomic Bomb. Boston: Little Brown, 1967.
  11. Leslie R. Groves, Now It Can Be Told: The Story of the Manhattan Project. New York: Harper, 1962.
  12. Barton C. Hacker, The Dragon's Tail: Radiation Safety in the Manhattan Project. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.
  13. Peter Bacon Hales, Atomic Spaces: Living on the Manhattan Project. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1997.
  14. Caroline L. Herzenberg and Ruth H. Howes, "Women of the Manhattan Project," Technology Review (1993), pages 32-40.
  15. Leland Johnson, Oak Ridge National Laboratory: The First Fifty Years. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1994.
  16. Vincent C. Jones, Manhattan, the Army, and the Atomic Bomb. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1985.
  17. Cynthia Kelly (ed.), The Manhattan Project: The Birth of the Atomic Bomb in the Words of Its Creators, Eyewitnesses and Historians. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 2007.
  18. Paul Kesaris, A Guide to the Manhattan Project: Official History and Documents. Washington: University Press of America, 1977.
  19. James W. Kunetka, City of Fire: Los Alamos and the Atomic Age, 1943-1945. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1979.
  20. Lansing Lamont, Day of Trinity. New York: Atheneum, 1965.
  21. Paul Rogat Loeb, Nuclear Culture: Living and Working in the World's Largest Atomic Complex. New York: Coward, McCann and Geoghegan, 1982.
  22. Fern Lyon and Jacob Evans, Los Alamos, The First Forty Years. Los Alamos: Los Alamos Historical Society, 1984.
  23. Kenneth D. Nichols, The Road to Trinity. New York: Morrow, 1987.
  24. Richard Rhodes, The Making of the Atomic Bomb. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1986.
  25. George O. Robinson, The Oak Ridge Story: The Saga of a People Who Share in History. Kingsport: Southern Publishers, 1950.
  26. Joseph Rotblat, "Leaving the Bomb Project," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 41 (1995): 16-19.
  27. Joseph Rotblat, "A Tale of Two Cities," New Scientist 117 (1988): 46-51.
  28. Ralph Carlisle Smith, David Hawkins, and Edith C. Truslow, Manhattan District History: Project Y, the Los Alamos Story. Los Angeles: Tomash, 1983.
  29. Michael B. Stoff, Jonathan F. Fanton, and R. Hal Williams, The Manhattan Project: A Documentary Introduction to the Atomic Age. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991.
  30. Ferenc Morton Szasz, The Day the Sun Rose Twice: The Story of the Trinity Site Nuclear Explosion, July 16, 1945. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1984.
  31. Ferenc Morton Szasz, British Scientists and the Manhattan Project: The Los Alamos Years. New York: St. Martin's, 1992.
  32. Jane S. Wilson and Charlotte Serber, Standing By and Making Do: Women of Wartime Los Alamos. Los Alamos: Los Alamos Historical Society, 1988.
The Hydrogen Bomb 9 items
  1. Hans A. Bethe, "Comments on the History of the H-Bomb," Los Alamos Science (Fall 1982), pp. 43-53. (A PDF version of this article is available elsewhere on this website.)
  2. Peter Galison and Barton Bernstein, "In Any Light: Scientists and the Decision to Build the Superbomb, 1952-1954," Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 19 (1989), pp. 267-347.
  3. Richard Rhodes, Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.
  4. James R. Shepley and Clay Blair, Jr., The Hydrogen Bomb: The Men, The Menace, The Mechanism. New York: McKay, 1954.
  5. Edward Teller. "The Work of Many People." Science 121/3139 (25 February 1955): 267-75.
  6. Edward Teller, "The H-Bomb," Encyclopedia Americana volume 14, p. 654. Danbury: Grolier, Inc., 1988.
  7. Edward Teller, "Fusion Devices, Explosive," Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology volume 7, pages 1-4. San Diego: Academic Press, 1992.
  8. Friedwardt Winterberg, The Physical Principles of Thermonuclear Explosive Devices. New York: Fusion Energy Foundation, 1981.
  9. Herbert F. York, The Advisors: Oppenheimer, Teller, and the Superbomb. New York: W.H. Freeman, 1976.
The Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer 55 items
  1. The University of California at Berkeley's Oppenheimer Centennial website includes an excellent exhibit, J. Robert Oppenheimer: A Life. This is a good place to start
  2. Joseph and Stewart Alsop, We Accuse!: The Story of the Miscarriage of American Justice in the Case of J. Robert Oppenheimer. New York, Simon and Schuster, 1954.
  3. Robert F. Bacher, "Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967)." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 116/4 (August 1972): 279-93.
  4. Barton Bernstein, "In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer," Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 12 (1982), pp. 195-252.
  5. Barton Bernstein, "The Oppenheimer Loyalty-Security Case Reconsidered," Stanford Law Review 42 (1990): 1383-1484.
  6. Jeremy Bernstein, Oppenheimer: Portrait of an Enigma. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2004.
  7. Hans A. Bethe, "Oppenheimer: 'Where He Was There Was Always Life and Excitement'." Science 155 (3 March 1967): 1080-84.
  8. Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin, American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. New York: Alfred Knopf, 2005. [website]
  9. Joseph Boskin and Fred Krinsky, The Oppenheimer Affair: A Political Play in Three Acts. Beverly Hills: Glencoe Press, 1968.
  10. Cathryn Carson and David A. Hollinger (edd.), Reappraising Oppenheimer: Centennial Studies and Reflections. Berkeley: Office for History of Science and Technology, 2005.
  11. David C. Cassidy, J. Robert Oppenheimer and the American Century. New York, Pi Press, 2004.
  12. Haakon Chevalier, The Man who Would Be God. New York: Putnam, 1959.
  13. Haakon Chevalier, Oppenheimer: The Story of a Friendship. New York: George Braziller, 1965.
  14. Jennet Conant, 109 East Palace: Robert Oppenheimer and the Secret City of Los Alamos. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2005.
  15. Robert Coughlan, "The Tangled Drama and Private Hells of Two Famous Scientists," Life (December 13, 1963), pp. 87A-110.
  16. Charles P. Curtis, The Oppenheimer Case: The Trial of a Security System. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1955.
  17. Nuel Pharr Davis, Lawrence and Oppenheimer. New York: Da Capo, 1986.
  18. Jon Else a.o., The Day After Trinity: J. Robert Oppenheimer and the Atomic Bomb. San Jose: KTEH-TV and Pyramid Films and Video, 1981. An excellent documentary film including interviews with many figures closely associated with Oppenheimer.
  19. Nat S. Finney, "The Threat to Atomic Science," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 10/7 (September 1954): 285-86, 295.
  20. Peter Goodchild, J. Robert Oppenheimer: Shatterer of Worlds. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1981.
  21. Harold P. Green, "The Unsystematic Security System," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 11/4 (April 1955), pp. 118-22, 164.
  22. Harold P. Green, "The Oppenheimer Case: A Study in the Abuse of Law," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 33/7 (September 1977): 12-16, 56-61.
  23. Gregg Herkin, Brotherhood of the Bomb: The Tangled Lives and Loyalties of Robert Oppenheimer, Ernest Lawrence, and Edward Teller. New York: Henry Holt, 2002. [website]
  24. James A. Hijiya, "The Gita of J. Robert Oppenheimer." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 144/2 (June 2000): 123-67.
  25. Rachel L. Holloway, In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer: Politics, Rhetoric, and Self-Defense. Westport: Praeger, 1993.
  26. Harry Kalven, Jr., "The Case of J. Robert Oppenheimer Before the Atomic Energy Commission," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 10/7 (September 1954): 259-69.
  27. Heinar Kipphardt, In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer: A Play Freely Adapted, on the Basis of the Documents. London: Methuen, 1967.
  28. James W. Kunetka, Oppenheimer, the Years of Risk. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1982.
  29. Library of Congress, J. Robert Oppenheimer: A Register of His Papers in the Library of Congress. Washington: Library of Congress, 1974.
  30. John Major, The Oppenheimer Hearing. New York: Stein and Day, 1971.
  31. Priscilla McMillan, The Ruin of J. Robert Oppenheimer and the Birth of the Modern Arms Race. New York: Viking Penguin, 2005. [website]
  32. Ray Monk, Robert Oppenheimer: A Life Inside the Center. New York: Doubleday, 2012.
  33. Anonymous (Charles J.V. Murphy), "The Hidden Struggle for the H-Bomb: The Story of Dr. Oppenheimer's Persistent Campaign to reverse U.S. Military Strategy," Fortune 47 (May 1953), pp. 109-110, 230.
  34. J. Robert Oppenheimer, The Flying Trapeze: Three Crises for Physicists. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964.
  35. Abraham Pais, A Life Of J. Robert Oppenheimer. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  36. Richard Polenberg (ed.), In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer: The Security Clearance Hearing. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2002. (Edited selection of transcript of Security Board Hearing; see below for full transcript.)
  37. Isidore I. Rabi et al., Oppenheimer. New York: Scribners, 1969.
  38. Eugene Rabinowitch, "What is a Security Risk?" (editorial), Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 10/6 (June 1954): 241, 256.
  39. Michel Rouze, Robert Oppenheimer: The Man and His Theories. New York: P.S. Eriksson, 1965.
  40. Roland Sawyer, "More Than Security," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 10/7 (September 1954): 284.
  41. S.S. Schweber, In the Shadow of the Bomb: Oppenheimer, Bethe, and the Moral Responsibility of the Scientist. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.
  42. S.S. Schweber, Einstein and Oppenheimer: The Meaning of Genius. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008.
  43. Edward Shils, "A Slippery Slope," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 10/6 (June 1954): 242, 256.
  44. Alan Simpson, "The Re-Trial of the Oppenheimer Case," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 10/10 (December 1954): 387-88.
  45. Alice Kimball Smith and Charles Weiner, Robert Oppenheimer, Letters and Recollections. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, MA, 1980.
  46. Philip M. Stern, The Oppenheimer Case: Security on Trial. New York: Harper and Row, 1969.
  47. Lewis L. Strauss, Men and Decisions. Garden City: Doubleday, 1962. Chapter 14 is entitled "Decision in the Case of Dr. J.R. Oppenheimer"; Strauss explains and defends his decision, along with the majority of Atomic Energy Commissioners, not to restore Oppenheimer's security clearance.
  48. Charles Thorpe, "Disciplining Experts: Scientific Authority and Liberal Democracy in the Oppenheimer Case," Social Studies of Science 32 (202): 525-62.
  49. Charles Thorpe and Steven Shapin, "Who Was J. Robert Oppenheimer? Charisma and Complex Organization," Social Studies of Science 30 (2000): 545-90.
  50. Charles Thorpe, Oppenheimer: The Tragic Intellect. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.
  51. United States Atomic Energy Commission, In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Transcript of Hearing Before Personnel Security Board, Washington DC, April 12, 1954 Through May 6, 1954. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1954.
  52. United States Atomic Energy Commission, In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Texts of Principal Documents and Letters of Personnel Security Board, General Manager, Commissioners. Washington, D. C., May 27, 1954 Through June 29, 1954. Washington: Government Printing Office, July 1954. (This pamphlet contains the Findings and Recommendation of the Personnel Security Board, the Recommendations of the General Manager, and the Decisions and Opinions of Commissioners, and some of the correspondence between Oppenheimer's attorneys and the AEC. All of this material is available elsewhere on this website.)
  53. United States Atomic Energy Commission, In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Transcript of Hearing Before Personnel Security Board and Texts of Principal Documents and Letters. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1970. (This edition includes the previous two items -- Transcript of Hearing Before Personnel Security Board and Texts of Principal Documents and Letters -- as well as a very helpful Index. Some of this material is available elsewhere on this website.)
  54. United States Federal Bureau of Investigation, J. Robert Oppenheimer: FBI Security File. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 1978. (Four rolls of microfilm.)
  55. Mark Wolverton, A Life in Twilight: The Final Years of J. Robert Oppenheimer. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2008.
Biographical Works 56 items
  1. Barton J. Bernstein, "Leo Szilard: Giving Peace a Chance in the Nuclear Age," Physics Today 40 (1987): 40-477.
  2. Michael Bess, "Leo Szilard: Scientist, Activist, Visionary," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 41 (1985): 11-18.
  3. Stanley A. Blumberg and Gwinn Owens, Energy and Conflict: The Life and Times of Edward Teller. New York: Putnam, 1976.
  4. Stanley A. Blumberg and Louis G. Panos, Edward Teller: Giant of the Golden Age of Physics. A Biography. New York: Scribners, 1990.
  5. Henry A. Boorse, Lloyd Motz, and Jefferson Hane Weaver, The Atomic Scientists: A Biographical History. New York: Wiley, 1989.
  6. Elena Bonner, Alone Together. New York: Knopf, 1986.
  7. William Broad, Teller's War: The Top-Secret Story Behind the Star Wars Deception. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992.
  8. David C. Cassidy, "Heisenberg, German Science, and the Third Reich," Social Research 59 (1992): 643-61.
  9. David C. Cassidy, Uncertainty: The Life and Science of Werner Heisenberg. New York: W.H. Freeman, 1992.
  10. Arthur Holly Compton, Atomic Quest: A Personal Narrative. New York: Oxford University Press, 1956.
  11. N.C. Cooper, From Cardinals to Chaos: Reflections on the Life and Legacy of Stanislaw Ulam. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
  12. Deborah Crawford, Lise Meitner: Atomic Pioneer. New York: Crown, 1969.
  13. Steven Dickman, "Meitner Receives Her Due," Nature 340 (1989): 497.
  14. Sam Epstein and Beryl Williams Epstein, Enrico Fermi, Father of Atomic Power. Champaign: Garrard, 1970.
  15. Joseph J. Ermenc (ed.), Atomic Bomb Scientists Memoirs, 1939-1945: Interviews with Werner Karl Heisenberg, Paul Harteck, Lew Kowarski, Leslie R. Groves, Aristid von Grosse, C.E. Larson. Westport: Meckler, 1989.
  16. Bernard Feld, "Leo Szilard, Scientist for All Seasons," Social Research 51 (1984): 675-90.
  17. Laura Fermi, Atoms in the Family: My Life with Enrico Fermi. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1954.
  18. Laura Fermi, Atoms for the World: United States Participation in the Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957.
  19. Richard Feynman, "Surely you're Joking, Mr. Feynman": Adventures of a Curious Character. New York: W.W. Norton, 1985.
  20. Otto Robert Frisch, What Little I Remember. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979.
  21. Peter Goldman, The End of the World that Was: Six Lives in the Atomic Age. New York: Dutton, 1986.
  22. Peter Goodchild, Edward Teller: The Real Dr. Strangelove. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
  23. Otto Hahn, Otto Hahn: A Scientific Autobiography. New York: Scribners, 1966.
  24. Otto Hahn, My Life: The Autobiography of a Scientist. London: Herder and Herder, 1970.
  25. James Hershberg, James B. Conant: Harvard to Hiroshima and the Making of the Nuclear Age. New York: Knopf, 1993.
  26. Robert Jungk, Brighter Than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists. New York: Penguin, 1964.
  27. Claude Kacser, "Lise Meitner, Manne Siegbahn, and Adolf Hitler," American Journal of Physics 63 (1995): 106-07.
  28. Daniel J. Kevles, The Physicists: The History of a Scientific Community in Modern America. New York: Knopf, 1978.
  29. George B. Kistiakowsky, A Scientist at the White House: The Private Diary of President Eisenhower's Special Assistant for Science and Technology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976.
  30. William Lanouette, Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard, The Man Behind the Bomb. New York: Scribners, 1992.
  31. William Lawren, The General and the Bomb: A Biography of General Leslie R. Groves, Director of the Manhattan Project. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1988.
  32. Malcolm MacPherson, Time Bomb: Fermi, Heisenberg, and the Race for the Atomic Bomb. New York: Dutton, 1986.
  33. Hans Mark and Lowell Wood, Energy in Physics, War and Peace: A Festschrift Celebrating Edward Teller's 80th Birthday. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1988.
  34. Robert S. Norris, Racing for the Bomb: General Leslie R. Groves, the Manhattan Project's Indispensable Man. Hanover, NH: Steerforth Press, 2002.
  35. Abraham Pais, Niels Bohr's Times: In Physics, Philosophy, and Polity. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
  36. Richard Pfau, No Sacrifice Too Great: The Life of Lewis L. Strauss. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1984.
  37. Stefan Rozental, Niels Bohr: His Life and Work as Seen by his Friends and Colleagues. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1985.
  38. Andrei Sakharov, Memoirs. London: Hutchinson, 1990.
  39. Emilio Segré, Enrico Fermi: Physicist. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.
  40. Emilio Segré, A Mind Always in Motion: The Autobiography of Emilio Segré. University of California Press, Berkeley, 1993.
  41. Robert Serber (with Robert P. Crease), Peace and War: Reminiscences of a Life on the Frontiers of Physics. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
  42. Ruth Lewin Sime, "Lise Meitner and the Discovery of Fission," Journal of Chemical Education 66 (1989): 373-76.
  43. Ruth Lewin Sime, "Lise Meitner's Escape from Germany," American Journal of Physics 58 (1990): 262-67.
  44. Ruth Lewin Sime, Lise Meitner: A Life in Physics. Berkeley: University of California Press, CA, 1996.
  45. Alice Kimball Smith, A Peril and a Hope: The Scientists' Movement in America, 1945-1947. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965.
  46. Donald A. Strickland, Scientists in Politics: The Atomic Scientists Movement, 1945-46. Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 1968.
  47. Leo Szilard, Voice of the Dolphins and Other Stories. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1961.
  48. Leo Szilard, The Collected Works of Leo Szilard. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1972.
  49. Leo Szilard, edited by Spencer R. Weart and Gertrud Weiss Szilard, Leo Szilard, His Version of the Facts: Selected Recollections and Correspondence. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1978.
  50. Leo Szilard, Toward a Livable World: Leo Szilard and the Crusade for Nuclear Arms Control. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1987.
  51. Edward Teller and Allen Brown, Legacy of Hiroshima. Garden City: Doubleday, 1962.
  52. Edward Teller, Better a Shield than a Sword: Perspectives on Defense and Technology. New York: Free Press, 1987.
  53. Stanislaw M. Ulam, Adventures of a Mathematician. New York: Scribners, 1976.
  54. Brian Van De Mark, Pandora's Keepers: Nine Men and the Atomic Bomb. Boston: Back Bay Books, 2005.
  55. Jane Wilson, All in Our Time: The Reminiscences of Twelve Nuclear Pioneers. Chicago: Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 1975.
  56. Solly Zuckerman, Six Men Out of the Ordinary. London: Peter Owen, 1992.
Technical Information 20 items
  1. David Albright, Frans Berkhout, and William Walker, World Inventory of Plutonium and Highly Enriched Uranium, 1992. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  2. D.G. Avery, Uranium Enrichment by Gas Centrifuge. London: Mills and Boon, 1973.
  3. Allen B. Benson, Hanford Radioactive Fallout: Hanford's Radioactive Iodine-131 Releases (1944-1956): Are There Observable Health Effects?. Cheney: High Impact Press, 1989.
  4. Hans Bethe et al., The Facts About the Hydrogen Bomb (University of Chicago Round Table). Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1950.
  5. Hans Bethe, "Sakharov's H-Bomb," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 46 (1990): 8-9.
  6. Philip L. Cantelon, Richard G. Hewlett, and Robert C. Williams, The American Atom: A Documentary History of Nuclear Policies from the Discovery of Fission to the Present. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991.
  7. Thomas B. Cochran, William M. Arkin, and Milton M. Hoenig, Nuclear Weapons Databook. Cambridge: Ballinger, 1984.
  8. Enrico Fermi, Gregory Breit, and Isidor Isaac Rabi, Nuclear Physics. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1941.
  9. S. Glasstone and P. Dolan, The Effects of Nuclear Weapons. Washington: Government Printing Office 1977.
  10. Chuck Hansen, U.S. Nuclear Weapons: The Secret History. Arlington: Orion Books, 1988.
  11. Chuck Hansen, The Swords of Armageddon: U.S. Nuclear Weapons Development Since 1945. Sunnyvale, CA: Chukelea Publications, 1998. (This is a CD-ROM with more than 2500 pp. of data and analysis of declassified documents. For more information, see www.uscoldwar.com/, the website for the Swords of Armageddon project.)
  12. Mark A. Harwell, "Biological Effects of Nuclear War," Bioscience 35 (1985): 570-576.
  13. Richard G. Hewlett and Oscar E. Anderson, Jr., The New World 1939/1946: Volume 1 of a History of the United States Atomic Energy Commission. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1962.
  14. Richard G. Hewlett and Francis Duncan, Atomic Shield 1947/1952: Volume 2 of a History of the United States Atomic Energy Commission. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1969.
  15. Richard G. Hewlett and Jack Holl, Atoms for Peace and War 1953/1961: Eisenhower and the Atomic Energy Commission. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.
  16. Lillian Hoddeson, Paul W. Henriksen, Roger A. Meade, and Catherine Westfall, Critical Assembly: A Technical History of Los Alamos During the Oppenheimer Years, 1943-1945. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
  17. Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Effects of Atomic Weapons. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1950.
  18. James V. Neel and William J. Schull, The Children of Atomic Bomb Survivors: A Genetic Study. Washington: National Academy Press, 1991.
  19. Robert Serber (ed. by Richard Rhodes), The Los Alamos Primer: The First Lectures on How to Build an Atomic Bomb. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. (The basis for this book is a 22 page mimeographed set of lecture notes, an introduction to bomb physics and design given to workers at Los Alamos. The notes are available as a PDF file elsewhere on this website.)
  20. Henry DeWolf Smyth, Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb Under the Auspices of the United States Government, 1940-1945. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1945. (This report, often called the Smyth Report, was written at the request of Major General Leslie R. Groves, who writes in the Foreword that "All pertinent information which can be released to the public at this time without violating the needs of national security is contained in this volume." The report is online at the Atomic Archive website.)
Politics and Foreign Policy 28 items
  1. Tom Alexander, "America's Costliest Government Boondoggle," Fortune 106 (1982): 106-08.
  2. Dean Acheson, Present at the Creation: My Years in the State Department. New York: Norton, 1969.
  3. William Liscum Borden, There Will Be No Time: The Revolution in Strategy. New York: MacMillan, 1946.
  4. McGeorge Bundy, Danger and Survival: Choices About the Bomb in the First Fifty Years. New York: Random House, 1988.
  5. Vannevar Bush, Science, the Endless Frontier. A Report to the President: The Bush Report on Scientific Research in the United States. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1945.
  6. Vannevar Bush, Modern Arms and Free Men: A Discussion of the Role of Science in Preserving Democracy. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1949.
  7. David Caute, The Great Fear: The Anti-Communist Purge under Truman and Eisenhower. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1977.
  8. Robert Kenneth Carr, The House Committee on Un-American Activities, 1945-1950. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1952.
  9. United States Congress, Special Committee on Atomic Energy, Atomic Energy Act of 1946. Hearings before the Special Committee on Atomic Energy, United States Senate, Seventy-Ninth Congress, second session, on S. 1717, a Bill for the Development and Control of Atomic Energy. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1946.
  10. Gordon E. Dean, Forging the Atomic Shield: Excerpts from the Office Diary of Gordon E. Dean, edited by Roger M. Anders. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.
  11. Jane Dibblin, Day of Two Suns: U.S Nuclear Testing and the Pacific Islanders. New York: New Amsterdam, 1988.
  12. Robert A. Divine, Blowing on the Wind: The Nuclear Test Ban Debate, 1954-1960. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
  13. Robert Gilpin, American Scientists and Nuclear Weapons Policy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962.
  14. Len Giovannitti, The Decision to Drop the Bomb. New York: Coward-McCann, 1965.
  15. Bertrand Goldschmidt, The Atomic Adventure: Its Political and Technical Aspects. New York: Pergamon, 1964.
  16. Bertrand Goldschmidt, The Atomic Complex: A Worldwide Political History of Nuclear Energy. La Grange Park: American Nuclear Society, 1982.
  17. Bertrand Goldschmidt, Atomic Rivals. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1990.
  18. Gregg Herkin, The Winning Weapon: The Atomic Bomb in the Cold War. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1980.
  19. Gregg Herkin, Counsels of War. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1985.
  20. Gregg Herkin, Cardinal Choices: Presidential Science Advising from the Atomic Bomb to SDI. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
  21. Daniel J. Kevles, "Cold War and Hot Physics: Science, Security, and the American State, 1945-1956," Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 20 (1990), pp. 239-64.
  22. Kenneth Osgood, Total Cold War: Eisenhower's Secret Propaganda Battle at Home and Abroad. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006.
  23. Joseph M. Siracusa, The American Diplomatic Revolution: A Documentary History of the Cold War, 1941-1947. Port Washington: Kennikat, 1977.
  24. Barry H. Steiner, Bernard Brodie and the Foundations of American Nuclear Strategy. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1991.
  25. Henry Lewis Stimson and McGeorge Bundy, On Active Service in Peace and War. New York: Harper, 1948.
  26. A. Costandina Titus, Bombs in the Backyard: Atomic Testing and American Politics. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1986.
  27. Gilman G. Udell, Atomic Energy Act of 1946 and Amendments. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1962.
  28. Jerome B. Wiesner, Where Science and Politics Meet. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965.
Popular Culture, Media, Literature 21 items
  1. Crispin Aubrey, Nukespeak, the Media and the Bomb. London: Comedia Publishing Group, 1982.
  2. Martha A. Bartter, The Way to Ground Zero: The Atomic Bomb in American Science Fiction. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988.
  3. Charles Baxter, First Light. New York: Penguin, 1988.
  4. Herbert Block, Straight Herblock. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1964.
  5. Paul S. Boyer, By the Bomb's Early Light: American Thought and Culture at the Dawn of the Atomic Age. New York: Pantheon, 1985.
  6. Mick Broderick, Nuclear Movies: A Critical Analysis and Filmography of International Feature-Length Films Dealing with Experimentation, Aliens, Terrorism, Holocaust, and Other Disaster Scenarios, 1914-1990. Jefferson: McFarland, 1991.
  7. W. Brouwer, "The Image of the Physicist in Modern Drama," American Journal of Physics 56 (1988):611-617.
  8. Jane Caputi, "Films of the Nuclear Age," Journal of Popular Film and Television 16 (1988): 100-07.
  9. Joseph Dewey, In a Dark Time: The Apocalyptic Temper in the American Novel of the Nuclear Age. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 1990.
  10. David Dowling, Fictions of Nuclear Disaster. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1987.
  11. Friedrich Durrenmatt (translated by James Kirkup), The Physicists: A Play in Two Acts. London: Samuel French, 1963.
  12. William Lanouette, The Atom, Politics, and the Press. Washington: Woodrow Wilson International Center, 1989.
  13. Joyce Nelson, The Perfect Machine: Television and the Bomb. Philadelphia: New Society Publishers, 1992.
  14. Makoto Oda, The Bomb: A Novel. Tokyo: Kodansha International, 1990.
  15. Philip Duhan Segal, Imaginative Literature and the Atomic Bomb: An Analysis of Representative Novels, Plays and Films from 1945 to 1972. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International, 1981.
  16. Gertrude Stein, Reflection on the Atomic Bomb. Los Angeles: Black Sparrow Press, 1973.
  17. John Whittier Treat, Writing Ground Zero: Japanese Literature and the Atomic Bomb. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
  18. Kurt Vonnegut, Cat's Cradle. New York: Delacorte, 1963.
  19. Patrick Scott Washburn, The Office of Censorship's Attempt to Control Press Coverage of the Atomic Bomb during World War II. Columbia: Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, 1990.
  20. H.G. Wells, The World Set Free: A Story of Mankind. New York: Dutton, 1914.
  21. H.G. Wells, What Are We to Do with Our Lives?. New York: Doubleday, 1931.
World War II 17 items
  1. Jeremy Bernstein, "The Farm Hall Transcripts: The German Scientists and the Bomb," New York Review 39 (1992): 47.
  2. Jeremy Bernstein (ed.), Hitler's Uranium Bomb: The Secret Recordings at Farm Hall. Second edition. New York: Copernicus Books, 2001.
  3. Alan D. Beyerche, Scientists under Hitler: Politics and the Physics Community in the Third Reich. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977.
  4. Denys Blakeway and Sue Lloyd-Roberts, Fields of Thunder: Testing Britain's Bomb. London: Allen and Unwin, 1985.
  5. Geoffrey Brooks, Hitler's Nuclear Weapons: The Development and Attempted Deployment of Radiological Armaments by Nazi Germany. London: Leo Cooper, 1992.
  6. Brian Cathcart, Test of Greatness: Britain's Struggle for the Atom bomb. London: Murray, 1994.
  7. Dan Charles, "Heisenberg's Principles Kept Bomb from Nazis," New Scientist 135 (1992): 4.
  8. Francis Duncan, Rickover and the Nuclear Navy: The Discipline of Technology. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1990.
  9. Sir Charles Frank (ed.), Operation Epsilon: The Farm Hall Transcripts. Bristol: Institute of Physics, 1993.
  10. Samuel Goudsmit, Alsos. New York: Schuman, 1947.
  11. Margaret Gowing, Britain and Atomic Energy, 1939-1945. New York: St. Martin's, 1964.
  12. David John Cawdell Irving, The German Atomic Bomb: The History of Nuclear Research in Nazi Germany. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1968.
  13. Boris T. Pash, The Alsos Mission. New York: Award House, 1969.
  14. Thomas Powers, Heisenberg's War: The Secret History of the German Bomb. New York: Knopf, 1993.
  15. David W. Trulock, "Meitner, Hahn, Hitler, and Siegbahn," American Journal of Physics 64 (1996): 523-34.
  16. Mark Walker, German National Socialism and the Quest for Nuclear Power, 1939-1949. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
  17. Mark Walker, "Heisenberg, Goudsmit, and the German Atomic Bomb," Physics Today 43 (1990): 52-60.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki 56 items
  1. Tatsuichiro Akizuki, Nagasaki 1945: The First Full-Length Eyewitness Account of the Atomic Bomb Attack on Nagasaki. London: Quartet Books, 1981.
  2. Thomas B. Allen and Norman Polmar, Code-Name Downfall: The Secret Plan to Invade Japan and Why Truman Dropped the Bomb. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.
  3. Gar Alperovitz and Robert L. Messer, "Marshall, Truman, and the Decision to Drop the Bomb," International Security 16 (1991): 204-214.
  4. Gar Alperovitz, Atomic Diplomacy: Hiroshima and Potsdam: The Use of the Atomic Bomb and the American Confrontation with Soviet Power. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1965.
  5. Gar Alperovitz, "Why the United States Dropped the Bomb," Technology Review 93 (1990): 22-34.
  6. Gar Alperovitz, "Hiroshima: Historians Reassess," Foreign Policy (1995) pages 15-34.
  7. Gar Alperovitz, The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb and the Architecture of an American Myth. New York: Knopf, 1995.
  8. Paul R. Baker, Atomic Bomb: The Great Decision. Hinsdale: Dryden Press, 1968.
  9. Rodney Barker, The Hiroshima Maidens: A Story of Courage, Compassion, and Survival. New York: Viking, 1985.
  10. Barton J. Bernstein, "A Postwar Myth: 500,000 U.S. Lives Saved," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 42 (1986): 38-40.
  11. Barton J. Bernstein, "The Atomic Bombings Reconsidered," Foreign Affairs 74 (January 1995): 135-152.
  12. Barton J. Bernstein, "Understanding the Atomic Bomb and the Japanese Surrender: Missed Opportunities, Little-Known Near-Disasters, and Modern Memory," Diplomatic History 19 (1995): 227-273.
  13. Herbert P. Bix, "Japan's Delayed Surrender: A Reinterpretation," Diplomatic History 19 (1995): 197-225.
  14. Wilfred G. Burchett, Shadows of Hiroshima. London: Verso, 1983.
  15. Frank W. Chinnock, Nagasaki: The Forgotten Bomb. New York: World Publishing Co., 1969.
  16. Anne Chisholm, Faces of Hiroshima. London: Jonathan Cape, 1985.
  17. Ian Clark, Nuclear Past, Nuclear Present: Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and Contemporary Strategy. Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.
  18. Japanese Broadcasting Corporation (ed.), Unforgettable Fire: Pictures Drawn by Atomic Bomb Survivors. New York: Pantheon, 1981.
  19. Herbert Feis, Japan Subdued: The Atomic Bomb and the End of the War in the Pacific. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961.
  20. Herbert Feis, The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966.
  21. Edwin Fogelman, Hiroshima: The Decision to Use the A-Bomb. New York: Scribners, 1964.
  22. Robert Guillain, I Saw Tokyo Burning: An Eyewitness Narrative from Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima. Garden City: Doubleday, 1981.
  23. Ted Gup, "Up from Ground Zero: Hiroshima," National Geographic 188 (1995): 78-101.
  24. Michihiko Hachiya, Hiroshima Diary: The Journal of a Japanese Physician, August 6-September 30, 1945. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1955.
  25. Stephen Harper, Miracle of Deliverance: The Case for the Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. New York: Stein and Day, 1986.
  26. John Hersey, Hiroshima. New York: Knopf, 1946.
  27. John Hersey, "Hiroshima: The Aftermath," The New Yorker 61 (1985): 37-62.
  28. Burt Hirschfeld, A Cloud over Hiroshima: The Story of the Atomic Bomb. Folkestone: Bailey and Swinfen, 1974.
  29. Masuji Ibuse, Black Rain: A Novel. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1969.
  30. Eisei Ishikawa and David L. Swain, Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The Physical, Medical, and Social Effects of the Atomic Bombings. New York: Basic Books, 1981.
  31. George Wilson Knight, Hiroshima: On Prophecy and the Sun-Bomb. Andrew London: Dakers, 1946.
  32. Dan Kurzman, Day of the Bomb: Countdown to Hiroshima. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1986.
  33. Kyoko and Mark Selden, The Atomic Bomb: Voices from Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1989.
  34. Robert Jay Lifton and Greg Mitchell, Hiroshima in America: Fifty Years of Denial. New York: Putnam, 1995.
  35. Robert Jay Lifton, Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1991.
  36. Robert James Maddox, Weapons for Victory: The Hiroshima Decision Fifty Years Later. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1995.
  37. Robert L Messer, "New Evidence on Truman's decision," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 41 (1985): 50-56.
  38. Richard H. Minear, Hiroshima: Three Witnesses. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.
  39. Uday Mohan and Sanho Tree, "Hiroshima, The American Media, and the Construction of Conventional Wisdom," Journal of American-East Asian Relations 4 (1985): 141-65.
  40. Paul H. Nitze, "Was Truman right to drop the bomb?" Vital Speeches of the Day 61 (1995): 722-724.
  41. Kenzaburo Oe, Fire from the Ashes: Short Stories about Hiroshima and Nagasaki. London: Readers International, 1985.
  42. Kenzaburo Oe, Hiroshima Notes. New York: Marion Boyars, 1995.
  43. Arata Osada, Children of the A-Bomb: Testament of the Boys and Girls of Hiroshima. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing House, 1959.
  44. Arata Osada, Children of Hiroshima. London: Taylor and Francis, 1981.
  45. Gaynor Sekimori, Hibakusha, Survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Tokyo: Kosei Publishing Company, 1986.
  46. Martin J. Sherwin, A World Destroyed: Hiroshima and the Origins of the Arms Race. New York: Vintage Books, 1987.
  47. Masao Shiotsuki, Doctor at Nagasaki: My First Assignment was Mercy Killing. Tokyo: Kosei Publishing Company, 1987.
  48. Naomi Shohno, The Legacy of Hiroshima: Its Past, Our Future. Tokyo: Kosei Publishing Company, 1986.
  49. Henry L. Stimson, "The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb," Harper's Magazine (1947), pages 97-107.
  50. Ronald T. Takaki, Hiroshima: Why America Dropped the Atomic Bomb. Boston: Little Brown and Co., 1995.
  51. Gordon Thomas and Max Morgan Witts, Enola Gay. New York: Stein and Day, 1977.
  52. J. Samuel Walker, "Decision to Use the Bomb: A Historiographical Update," Diplomatic History 14 (1990): 97-114.
  53. J. Samuel Walker, Prompt and Utter Destruction: Truman and the Use of Atomic Bombs Against Japan. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.
  54. Stanley Weintraub, The Last Great Victory: The End of World War II, July-August 1945. New York: Truman Talley Books, 1995.
  55. Peter Wyden, Day One: Before Hiroshima and After. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984.
  56. Yosuke Yamahata, Nagasaki Journey: The Photographs of Yosuke Yamahata, August 10, 1945. San Francisco: Pomegranate Artbooks, 1995.
The Postwar Period 12 items
  1. William M. Arkin and Richard W. Fieldhouse, Nuclear Battlefields: Global Links in the Arms Race. Cambridge: Ballinger, 1985.
  2. Howard Ball, Justice Downwind: America's Atomic Testing Program in the 1950s. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
  3. Paul P. Craig and John A. Jungerman, Nuclear Arms Race: Technology and Society. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1986.
  4. Necah Stewart Furman, Sandia National Laboratories: The Postwar Decade. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1990.
  5. Margaret Gowing, Independence and Deterrence: Britain and Atomic Energy, 1945-1952. London: Macmillan, 1974.
  6. M. Grodzins and E. Rabinowitch, The Atomic Age: Scientists in National and World Affairs. Articles from the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 1945-1962. New York: Basic Books, 1963.
  7. Richard G. Hewlett and Francis Duncan, Nuclear Navy, 1946-1962. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.
  8. Kenneth Hubbard and Michael Simmons, Operation "Grapple": Testing Britain's First H-Bomb. London: Allan, 1985.
  9. Robert F. Kennedy, Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis. New York: W.W. Norton, 1971.
  10. William Sweet, The Nuclear Age: Power, Proliferation, and the Arms Race. Washington: Congressional Quarterly, 1984.
  11. Richard Terry Sylves, The Nuclear Oracles: A Political History of the General Advisory Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission, 1947-1977. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1987.
  12. Jonathan M. Weisgall, Operation Crossroads: The Atomic Tests at Bikini Atoll. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1994.
Espionage 23 items
  1. Joseph Albright and Maria Kunstel, Bombshell: The Secret Story of America's Unknown Atomic Spy Conspiracy. New York: Times Books, 1997.
  2. Wolf Blitzer, Territory of Lies: The Exclusive Story of Jonathan Jay Pollard, The American who Spied on His Country for Israel and How He Was Betrayed. New York: Harper and Row, 1989.
  3. Virginia Carmichael, Framing History: The Rosenberg Story and the Cold War. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.
  4. Robert B. Considine, How Russia Stole America's Atomic Secrets. New York: International News Service, 1951.
  5. Walter Gellhorn, Security, Loyalty, and Science. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1950.
  6. Alvin H. Goldstein, The Unquiet Death of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. New York: Lawrence Hill, 1975.
  7. H. Montgomery Hyde, The Atom Bomb Spies. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1980.
  8. Norman Lucas, The Great Spy Ring. London: Barker, 1966.
  9. Daniel Hirsch and William G. Mathews, "The H-Bomb: Who Really Gave Away The Secret?" Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 46 (1990): 22-30.
  10. Alan Moorehead, The Traitors. New York: Harper, 1963.
  11. Howard Morland, "The H-Bomb Secret," Progressive (1979), page 14.
  12. Howard Morland, The Secret that Exploded. New York: Random House, 1981.
  13. Norman Moss, Klaus Fuchs: The Man Who Stole the Atom Bomb. London: Grafton, 1987.
  14. Bernard Newman, Soviet Atomic Spies. London: R. Hale, 1952.
  15. Oliver Ramsay Pilat, The Atom Spies. New York: Putnam, 1952.
  16. Ronald Radosh, The Rosenberg File: A Search for the Truth. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1983.
  17. William A. Reuben, The Atom Spy Hoax. New York: Action Books, 1955.
  18. Robert and Michael Meeropol, We Are Your Sons: The Legacy of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1975.
  19. Jonathan Root, The Betrayers: The Rosenberg Case, A Reappraisal of an American Crisis. New York: Coward-McCann, 1963.
  20. Walter Schneir, Invitation to an Inquest: Reopening the Rosenberg "Atom Spy" Case. New York: Penguin, 1973.
  21. Joseph H. Sharlitt, Fatal Error: The Miscarriage of Justice That Sealed the Rosenberg's Fate. New York: Scribners, 1989.
  22. John Baker White, The Soviet Spy System. London: Falcon Press, 1948.
  23. Robert Chadwell Williams, Klaus Fuchs, Atom Spy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987.
The Soviet Union 16 items
  1. B.L. Altschuler et al., Andrei Sakharov: Facets of a Life. Gif-sur-Yvette, France: Editions Frontieres, 1991.
  2. Christopher M. Andrew and Oleg Gordievsky, KGB: The Inside Story of Its Foreign Operations From Lenin to Gorbachev. New York: Harper-Collins, 1990.
  3. John Barry, "Russia's Nuclear Secrets," Newsweek (February 1996), pages 36-38.
  4. Robert Bothwell and J.L. Granatstein (edd.), The Gouzenko Transcripts: The Evidence Presented to the Kellock-Taschereau Royal Commission of 1946. Ottowa: Deneau, 1982.
  5. Thomas B. Cochran, Making the Russian Bomb: From Stalin to Yeltsin. Boulder: Westview Press, 1995.
  6. I.N. Golovin, I.V. Kurchatov: A Socialist-Realist Biography of the Soviet Nuclear Scientist. Bloomington: Selbstvarlag Press, 1968.
  7. Igor Gouzenko, This Was My Choice. Montreal: Palm Publishers, 1968.
  8. David Holloway, The Soviet Union and the Arms Race. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.
  9. David Holloway, Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939-56. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994.
  10. Fedor Kedrov, Kapitza: Life and Discoveries. Moscow: Mir, 1984.
  11. Yuli Khariton and Yuri Smirnov, "The Khariton Version," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 49 (1993): 20-31.
  12. Arnold Kramish, Atomic Energy in the Soviet Union. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1959.
  13. Robert J. Lamphere and Tom Schachtman, The FBI-KGB War: A Special Agent's Story. New York: Random House, 1986.
  14. L. Nilova, Igor Vasilevich Kurchatov, 1903-1960. Moscow: Nauka, 1988.
  15. John Sawatsky, Gouzenko: The Untold Story. Toronto: Macmillan, 1984.
  16. Vasily S. Yemelyanov, "The Making of the Soviet Bomb," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 43 (1987): 39-41.
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